What is CBD?
CBD is short for cannabidiol and is a chemical found in the cannabis plant. This natural substance is used in products.
The most popular cannabis-derived product when it comes to CBD is oil but you can also purchase edibles and cannabis flower with a higher percentage of CBD relative to THC.
How is CBD Different Than THC?
CBD is different than THC, although both compounds are found in cannabis or marijuana. Overall, THC is psychoactive while CBD is not.
CBD is the non-psychoactive part of the plant that shouldn’t make users feel sedated whereas THC should.
CBD doesn’t necessarily increase serotonin levels in users, but it might affect how brain receptors respond to serotonin that’s already in the system (Healthline).
Is CBD Legal?
In Canada, CBD is legal. Since 2018, adults have been able to purchase hemp-derived CBD products and marijuana flower from licensed dispensaries across the country without a doctor’s prescription.
CBD is regulated under the Cannabis Act and falls under the same regulations as cannabis regardless of its THC content. This means that laws involving the sales of cannabis products also apply to CBD.
Where Can I Safely Buy CBD?
In other countries, legal CBD derived from hemp plants is often not regulated, so there is no governing body overlooking its quality, production, and labelling.
In Canada, since CBD falls under the same regulations as cannabis, legal dispensaries are required to sell regulated and inspected products only.
To make sure you are safely buying CBD, be wary of online retailers and only purchase products from reputable retailers.
Are All CBD Oils The Same?
Because CBD does not exist as a single compound, it contains over a hundred other cannabinoids. However, CBD can be isolated to produce a 99.9% pure compound known as CBD isolate.
Otherwise, if it is not isolated, it is known as full-spectrum CBD extract.
Full-spectrum CBD products do contain small amounts of THC as well as flavonoids and terpenes.
How Can I Take CBD?
There are different ways that you can take CBD depending on your comfort and preferences:
- Inhalation: CBD can be inhaled through smoking or vaping.
- Topical: CBD products such as balms, ointments, and creams can be applied directly to the skin.
- Edibles: CBD oil can be added to food or purchased as gummies or lollipops.
- Sublingual: CBD tinctures, which are a mix of CBD and other natural oils, can be placed directly under the tongue.
Does CBD Affect Everyone the Same?
No, how CBD affects users will depend on factors such as health, body weight, and genetics.
CBD affects the endocannabinoid system (ECS), a neuromodulatory signalling pathway that controls and regulates sleep, pain control, temperature control, learning and memory, immune responses, inflammatory responses, emotional processing, and eating (https://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/the-endocannabinoid-system-essential-and-mysterious-202108112569)
Herbs, such as CBD, that affect the endocannabinoid system are known as adaptogens and affect individuals differently.
Are There Side Effects to CBD?
Side effects can result from CBD use and certain drug interactions so it’s important to consult your physician if you are taking prescribed medications and plan on using CBD.
The adverse effects of CBD or a drug interaction can range from mild to severe. It’s always important to speak with your healthcare provider before trying CBD or any other cannabis product.